The Twenty-five Principles of Building Biology
The following list is from the
International Institute for
Building BiologyTM and Ecology (IBE) in Clearwater, Florida:
- A building site shall be geologically undisturbed.
- Residential homes are best located away from industrial centers and main traffic routes.
- Housing shall be developed in a decentralized and loose manner interlaced with sufficient green space.
- Housing and developments shall be personalized, in harmony with nature, fit for human habitation and family oriented.
- Natural and unadulterated building materials shall be used.
- Walls, floors and ceilings shall be diffusible and hygroscopic.
- Indoor air humidity shall be regulated naturally.
- Air pollutants need to be filtered and neutralized.
- An appropriate balance of thermal insulation and heat retention is needed.
- The air and surface temperatures of a given room need to be optimized.
- A heating system shall feature radiant heat using as much (passive) solar heat as possible.
- The total moisture content of a new building shall be low and dry out quickly.
- A building shall have a pleasant or neutral smell. No toxins shall outgas.
- Light, lighting and color shall be in accord with natural conditions.
- Protective measures against noise pollution as well as infrasonic and ultrasonic vibrations need to be human oriented.
- Only building materials with little or preferably no radioactivity shall be used.
- The natural balance of atmospheric electricity and ion concentration shall be maintained.
- The Earth's natural magnetic field shall not be altered or distorted.
- Man-made electromagnetic radiation shall be eliminated (or reduced as much as possible).
- Cosmic and terrestrial radiation is essential and shall be interfered with as little as possible.
- Interior and furniture design shall be based on physiological findings.
- Harmonic measures, proportions and shapes need to be taken into consideration.
- The production, installation and disposal of building materials shall not contribute to environmental pollution and high energy costs.
- Building activities shall not contribute to the exploitation of non-renewable and rare resources.
- Building activities shall not cause a rise in social and medical costs.
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